Poland’s university traditions are among the oldest in Europe. In 1364, King Casimir the Great established the Cracow Academy known today as Jagiellonian University. Since the beginning of system transformation our higher education system has been developing rapidly and Poland is fourth in Europe in terms of the number of people studying at university. A large part of the Polish higher education market is made up of private colleges and universities. There are about 310 privately owned universities and colleges and 138 state schools of higher learning. This has resulted in a high level of competition that has given Poland lower prices for studying than in many other European countries. The higher education system is one of high quality and all leading universities offer programmes thought in English, within study areas such as medicine, engineering, humanities, business and finance. More than 100 higher education institution in Poland currently offer study programmes in English. Poland has taken active part in the Bologna Process. The ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) allows students to be geographically mobile and continue their education in other countries.
The economy of Poland is the eighth largest economy in the European Union and the largest among the former Eastern Bloc members of the European Union. Agriculture is one of Poland’s biggest industries. Grains are the most important crops in the country, especially wheat, oats, barley, and rye. Poland has the world’s second-largest potato production and is the sixth-largest producer of milk and pigs in the world. Poland has a population around 38.43 million.
The Polish climate is moderate continental, with relatively cold winters (from December to March) and hot summers which extend from June to August. January temperatures average -1°C to -5°C. July and August average temperatures range from 16.5°C to 19°C , though some days the temperature can reach even 35°C .Poland has an impressive 16 World Heritage Sites and among them the biggest castle in the world – Malbork. Plus, Poland is world's biggest amber exporter.